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Maine, the northeastern of the United States, is bounded n. by Lower Canada; E. by New Brunswick, from which it is separated by the St. Croix River, and a line due n. from the monument, at the source of the St. Croix River, as designated and agreed to by the commissioners, under the 5th article in the treaty of 1794, between the governments of the United States and Great Britain; thence n., following the exploring line run and marked by the surveyors of the two governments in the years of 1817 and 1818, under the 5th article of the treaty of Ghent, to its intersection with the St. John's river, and to the middle of the channel thereof; thence up the middle of the main channel of said river St. John, to the mouth of the river St. Francis; thence up the middle of the channel of the said river St. Francis, and through the lakes through which it flows to the outlet of the lake Pohenagamook; thence southwesterly, in a straight line to a point in the n. w. branch of the river St. John, which point shall be 10 miles distant from the main branch of the St. John, in a straight line, and in the nearest direction; but if the said point shall be found to be less than 7 miles from the nearest point or crest of the highlands, that divide the rivers which empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence from those which fall into the river St. John, to a point 7 miles in a straight line from the said summit or crest; thence in a straight line in a course about s. 8° w. to the point where the parallel of lat. 46° 25' n. intersects the s. w. branch of the St. John; thence southerly by the said branch to the source thereof in the highlands at the Metjarmette portage; thence down along the said highlands which divide the waters which empty themselves into the St. Lawrence from those which fall into the Atlantic ocean, to the head of Hall's stream; thence down the middle of said stream till the line thus run intersects the old line of boundary surveyed and marked by Valentine and Collins previously to the year 1774, as the 45° of N. lat., and which has been known and understood to be the line of actual division between the states of New York and Vermont on the one side, and the British province of Lower Canada on the other; and from the said point of intersection w. along said dividing line, as heretofore known and understood, to the Iroquois, or St. Lawrence river. Such are the terms of the late treaty, now ratified by both governments, and which has happily settled a controversy of a quarter of a century. Read more...

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Our Maine Online Pages

History of Swan's Island Maine
Biographies, Early Settlers, Land titles, Other Islands
Maine ~ My State
Colonial Period, Revolutionary Period, Civil War
State Resources (soon)
Archives, Census, Cemeteries, &c

Maine Neighbors

New Hampshire
Quebec Canada
New Brunswick Canada


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